SAND ART :- In Orissa ,a unique type of art form is developed at Puri . But it spreads all over the world . To carve a sand sculpture , the raw material is the only clean and fine grained sand mixed with water . With the help of this type of sand and with the blessings of God and by the magic of fingures , an artist can carve a beautiful and attractive sculpture on the beach.
ORIGIN :- Although not historically proved , there is an interesting story in the Orissan myths regarding the origin of sand sculpture like follows :- " Poet Balaram Das, the author of Dandi Ramayan was a great devotee of Lord Jagannath .Once during Ratha Yatra (Car Festival), he tried to climb the chariot of Lord Jagannath to offer his prayer . Since he wasn't allowed by the priests of the chariot to climb it and also insulted by them . With a great frustration and humiliation he came to the beach (Mahodadhi) and carved the statues of Lord Jagannath , Lord Balabhadra and Devi Subhadra on the Golden sand . Then there he started praying and worshipping these statues . His devotion was so strong and deep that the original statues vanished from the chariot and appeared at that place where Balaram das was worshipped ." Although the above stanza has no solid historical support , but it is evident that from the period of Balaram Das , the people of Puri are aquainted with the carving of sculputure on sand . The period of Balaram das as mentioned in history was fourteenth century A.D. Hence sand sculpturing in Puri isn't a new phenomenon , but it is at least seven hundred years old .
DEVELOPMENT :- Now-a-days , pupils are accquianted with the stone sculpturing. So stone sculpturing is treated as the first step of sand sculpturing . The carving on sand is more easier and quicker than carving on a rigid stone . So it is a easy process of learning the art of carving on sand . So within a short period of time , a pupil gets a clearcut idea about the carving . Though these sand sculptures are very easily eye catching and transferable , It is also destroyed easily. That's why the artists donet continue this type of art for a longer period.
With the upliftment of tourism, this wonderful art form receive a high prestige and popularisation. The outcome appreciation of tourists, encourage the artist to do well. Without any motive, these artists are dedicated their life for the development and popularisation of this art. By their dedicated efforts, they are able to internationalise this art form of Puri.